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Wherever possible repair broken hard plastic items such as plastic: Hard plastic items in good condition could be offered to charity shops or through an online reuse network. You might also be able to sell some hard plastic items through a car boot sale, jumble sale, or online market. Offer unwanted items to friends, neighbours or relatives.

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How much cheaper is a refillable in Euros? Together, the refilling requirement and the packaging tax have effectively promoted the use of refillable bottles in Denmark's beverage market.

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Because of the refilling requirement, Danes consumed percent of their packaged beer and at least 90 percent of their soft drinks and mineral water in refillable bottles in [CBMC][KNUD]. For beverages not subject to the refilling requirement, the tax has effectively promoted refilling.

Because of the price advantage that the tax gives to refillables, most retailers in Denmark sell wine and other alcoholic beverages only in refillable bottles. ALDI and other retailers sell soft drinks and alcoholic beverages in Denmark in refillable bottles and have experienced very few difficulties with costs and logistics [AGC, pp.

On store shelves in Denmark, moreover, consumers see a variety of beverage packaging. Soft-drink companies--who like to use packaging to distinguish their products from competitors' products--have been allowed to use their own bottles or to choose their packaging from the five standard PET bottles and one standard glass bottle [BWID][AGC, p.

Denmark's beverage container laws have greatly benefitted the public.

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The refilling requirement for soft drinks and beer has preventedtons of waste annually. The use of refillable wine bottles, which is encouraged by the tax, has prevented 60, tons of waste annually [FT].

While helping Denmark reduce waste management costs, the packaging tax raised million Euros in and million Euros in [DB]. The Danish Tax and Customs Administration spentEuros and many man-hours of labor to establish the information systems required to administer and collect the tax.

Operating costs for the tax collection system were 27, Euros in The complexity of the packaging tax scheme makes collection seem difficult in comparison to other taxes [ERC, p. On the other hand, the administration and enforcement of the refilling requirement for soft drinks and beer has been easy, and compliance has been easy for the beverage industry [AGC, p.

The EC also argued that the ban is a trade barrier under Article 28 of the EEC Treaty and attempted to debunk Denmark's use of life-cycle analysis studies to defend its beverage container policies [CB]. In its defense, Denmark cited a ruling by the EU court that found the ban is not a barrier to trade as long as the EU does not require a beverage container reuse policy for all member states.

The EU, in fact, has not required such a policy through its packaging directive or through any of its other directives [AGM, p. In the debate leading to the trial, furthermore, Denmark has argued that ". The slow decline of refilling in Germany and the anticipated softening of that country's beverage container laws will also put more cans closer to Denmark's borders.

However, Denmark could make refillable beverage containers exempt from its packaging tax and maintain the success that it has had with promoting refilling. According to the February Danish Environment Newsletter, "the Minister of the Environment has repealed the prohibition on disposable packaging that has kept beer and soft drink cans off the Danish market.

Denmark has called on the EU Commission to drop the pending lawsuit, which is now unnecessary. A common, obligatory deposit and return system will ensure that the used cans are collected.

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By summerbreweries and retailers are slated to install new recycling machines for cans and other one-way packaging [DEN]. The deposit is expected to be DKr 1. Although this policy instrument allows one-way containers, consumers and the domestic beverage industry overwhelmingly prefer refillable bottles.

Refilling is almost a necessity in Finland, in fact, because recycling is an expensive and impractical option for managing used beverage containers. The prevalence of refillable containers and the prevention of waste are measures of Finland's success with refilling, and the lack of an EU challenge will help ensure that the levy stays in place.

Since the s, Finland has used a tax system to promote refilling. Under the current laws, which became effective ina container levy on both alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages supplements other food and beverage taxes. No recovery of packaging waste, 0. A deposit of 0.

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The prevention of beverage container waste motivated the implementation of the levy [ERC, p. Finland's capacity for recycling glass is limited, and markets for recovered glass are unstable.

In addition, Finland does not have any facilities for converting recovered PET and other plastics into feedstock, and no plans exist to build such a facility there. In fact, Finland exports almost all of its recovered PET and aluminum.

Finally, Finland's low population density and trickle of packaging waste do not justify investments in extensive recycling collection and sorting systems. The difficulties of recycling glass and plastic bottles make refilling the most practical packaging option for beverages [KJFN, p.

In spite of the apparent need for it, the levy has been the subject of debate within the government. Inthe Finnish Competition Authority FCA demanded the abolition of the beverage container levy and the deposit laws because the FCA believed that both laws were effectively closing the beverage market to new companies, to small companies, and to foreign companies.

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One barrier was the minimum amount of beverage that a new company would have to sell before it could earn profits from refilling.Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Repurpose, Recycle are the 5 R's. List of easy ways to reduce your impact and save money.

With sleep heavily affecting our mental health, here are 3 ways you can improve your quality of sleep. HOW TO USE: The A - Z of recycling allows you to browse or search for information on how to reduce, reuse, recycle or dispose of everyday household lausannecongress2018.com following icons by each entry show the available options, and you will find links for more information about the services in the bottom lausannecongress2018.com't find what you are looking for email [email protected] RECOVER is to convert waste into resources (such as electricity, heat, compost and fuel) through thermal and biological means.

Resource Recovery occurs after reduce, reuse and recycle . Learn about the value of source reduction and reuse, as well as recycling. Click REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE, RECOVER, RETHINK. Follow the Rs: Reduce, Replace, Reuse, Recycle, Recover, Refuse and Reject, Rethink 8 Environmental Center for Arab Towns Issue 4, January Reduce: Reducing the amount of waste you produce is the best way to help the environment.

There are lots of ways to do To recover is a new technology that prepares and treats waste materials in.

Guide to recycling in South Africa : Treevolution