It was extraordinary to use the material that I had researched for a novel and write it as a "straight" history. I also wrote the foreword to this collection of three historical essays about the women that have come to fascinate me: There was a chapter in a PhD thesis, and one essay. And yet this is the mother and grandmother of queens of England, and a major player at both royal courts of Lancaster and York.
In his canonization homily Pope John Paul said this of the new Beatus: The Christian statesman, Charles of Austriaconfronted this challenge every day. There is probably not one member of that body present that day who remembers what the Pope said.
The day was memorable, however, on account of an incident that took place just as His Holiness began to speak.
That was when the Rev. Ian Paisley, the notorious anti-Catholic bigot and a member of the parliament from Northern Ireland, stood up, unfurled a banner, and started shouting the same thing proclaimed by his banner. That was that the Pope for Paisley it would be any pope is the Antichrist.
The member from Bavaria was Archduke Otto von Habsburg. That of everyone present it was the Archduke who acted to defend the Pope ought to have been expected. In the unity of throne and altar and sword and cross that was the political basis of Christendom and which found its highest expression in the Holy Roman Empire, his ancestors occupied the throne and wielded the sword during the five centuries before In that year, the Empire — become by then the Austro-Hungarian one — was dissolved as a condition for peace demanded by U.
We are going to talk here about Ven. Emperor Karl, his life, and the cause for his canonization. We shall do this with a view to showing why the cause merits the popular support it has enjoyed since being introduced in As he was the great-nephew of the then ruling Emperor, Franz Joseph, it was not envisioned at his birth that it would one day fall to him to rule.
Yet, his education prepared him for the task. That as Emperor he would rule wants to be emphasized. None was a figurehead unless rendered so by personal incapacity.
He came to the throne in due to a series of tragic events: On October 21,five years before assuming the throne, Ven. The couple would eventually have eight children, and even amid the trials of war, revolution and exile would build a solid Christian home for them.
There were always daily family devotions the Rosary, novenas, Scripture readingfamily catechism lessons, daily Mass, and particular pious practices promoted by the Habsburgs over the centuries and known to Catholic history as the Pietas Austriaca devotion to the Blessed Sacrament, the Holy Cross, the Immaculate Conception, and Corpus Christi.
Lover of Peace As soon as he succeeded to the throne, Ven.
Emperor Karl bent his energies to seeking the end of the carnage of World War I, which had been raging for two years. To that purpose he authorized a brother-in-law, Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma, an officer in the Belgian army, to deliver a set of peace proposals to President Poincare of France.
As testimony to the sincerity of his effort, the Emperor stipulated his readiness to sacrifice his hereditary claim to Lorraine and to cede to Italy the Italian ethnic portion of the Trentino, even though Austrian troops at the moment were well advanced into the northern part of the Italian boot.
Both the Pope and Emperor foresaw that unless the war was quickly ended, the unstable Kerensky government that had taken power in Russia in March,could degenerate into something far worse because it would be far more threatening than imperial Russia ever was to what remained of Western Christendom.
This is to speak of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in terms of what it was: It produced great deprivations on the home front. The poor were especially hard hit. In his capital of Vienna, Karl ordered that carriages and coaches of the imperial court be used to deliver coal to them.
Further, he established a new Ministry of Social Welfare in his cabinet and gave its portfolio to the redoubtable Msgr. Karl also acted to restructure the Empire politically along federalist lines. Establishment of a kind of United States of Greater Austria was his aim.
In a manifesto of October 16,he ordered each ethnic group in the Imperial Parliament to caucus and draw up a plan for the government of its portion of the Empire. These were excellent and desirable moves.
However, powerful forces were working against Karl, forces within the West itself, forces which had their agents even inside the Empire. Although they were a minority in the Austrian caucus in the parliament, the Social Democrats were highly organized.
When the caucus set a date to vote on the form of the new Austrian state, they swung into action: The Emperor refused to abdicate a throne that was a gift from God and an inheritance from his ancestors.
Nevertheless, on November 11,he agreed to withdraw from the active exercise of power and to recognize the form of state which Austrians might choose in a national plebiscite. A similar declaration was issued for Hungary on November Of particular interest to this essay is the emergence of another life phase I am calling “late-life singlehood.” Late-life singlehood results from the dissolution of marriage, either through widowhood or divorce.
It typically occurs after one has spent the majority of his or her adult life in a marital relationship. Essay on marriage divorce and widowhood. College essay high school experience pakikipagkaibigan essay.
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Essay on peace tolerance and responsible citizenship in . Remarried women had high rates of mobility and there seemed to be a clear ‘excess’ of moves made around the time of remarriage, shortly after the end of the first marriage.
There was a suggestion too of a peak in movements following widowhood but no indication of . Gary Gutting is a Notre Dame philosophy professor who thinks that what counts about arguments is whether they “work.” And so his complaint against natural-law arguments for Catholic teachings about sex is that they “no longer work (if they ever did)”.
His New York Times “Opinionator” post of March 1. Note: Originally entitled, “Ven. Emperor Karl I of Austria and Empress Zita,” this article was written well before Pope John Paul II’s October 3, beatification of Emperor Karl.
In his canonization homily Pope John Paul said this of . Nonetheless, even after a late divorce and even after widowhood, differences between fathers and mothers are enlarged, thereby providing more direct evidence for the notion that marriage protects men.