Census Report data, overindividuals identify themselves as Sioux—more than any other tribe besides Cherokee, Navajo, Latin American Indian, and Chocktaw.
Comfortable, roomy, well-ventilated, and easy to move, it was ideal for the roving life of the Plains dwellers as they followed the buffalo herds up and down the vast grasslands. The Sioux tipi, with its beauty of line and practical design, is a shining example of the structure that was home to the buffalo hunters of the Great Plains.
In the summer, they camped on the open plains, choosing campsites with lots of firewood, water, and grass nearby. In winter, when the weather was cold and harsh, the Sioux camped in sheltered places and pitched their tipis where it was convenient, rather than in a particular pattern as they did in the summer.
Some of their favorite campsites were among the tall trees of the Black Hills. Here a camp might extend for miles along a sheltered stream. During long winters in the Black Hills, the tipi proved to be just as ideal for a warm, permanent shelter as it was for a portable summer shelter.
They made tipi poles from the finest straight young trees they could find in the Black Hills. They usually gathered these poles in the early spring as they prepared to leave their winter home in the Black Hills and return to the prairies. The Sioux peeled the bark from the new poles, then dried and seasoned them in the sun so they would stay straight and strong.
Depending on the size of the tipi, they needed anywhere from eight to 20 poles.
The three heaviest poles were used to make a tripod, which was the basis of the distinctive three-pole design of the Sioux tipi. The tripod design provided a much stronger and rigid foundation than did the four-pole design of many other Plains societies.
The other lighter poles were placed in the forks of the tripod, creating a frame over which the cover could be tautly stretched. A rope was wrapped around the poles where they met at the top, and the end of this rope was usually tied to an anchor peg in the ground directly below.
The cover of the tipi was made of buffalo hides. An average cover, to make a tipi 14 to 16 feet in diameter, required 14 to 16 hides. Making the cover was an intricate process involving careful planning and measuring.
The Sioux then neatly sewed together the hides with sinew thread to make one large cover, which included smoke flaps and a door hole and would fit snugly around the framework of the poles.
They placed the cover around the frame by means of a lifting pole. First they spread the cover, which resembled a large half circle, on the ground. Then they attached the lifting pole to the middle of the cover. They folded in the sides of the cover to meet the pole.
Then they hoisted up the lifting pole with the cover attached and placed it in position at the back of the tipi frame.
Next they unfolded the cover from the lifting pole and wrapped it around the frame until the two sides met at the front. Here they pinned the two sides together where they met with lacing pins. When they were using a newly-made cover, they built a smoky fire inside and closed the tipi tightly.
Smoking the cover this way waterproofed it and made the hides retain their softness despite their exposure to all kinds of weather. This waterproof buffalo hide cover, stretched tautly and neatly over a strong framework of poles, offered no pockets or folds to catch water, wind, or rain.
The sleek, conical shape of the tipi shed wind and water alike, providing a strong, dependable shelter. The cover was pegged to the ground all the way around the bottom.Sioux Indians Sioux Indian Tribe Sioux Tribe Lakota Indians Sioux Weapons Chief Crazy Horse Articles Home Page The following lists catalog the specific articles, stories, legends and .
Southwest Indians - Pueblo is not the name of a tribe.
It is a Spanish word for village. The Pueblo People are the decedents of the Anasazi lausannecongress2018.com Navajo and the Apache arrived in the southwest in the s. They both raided the peaceful Pueblo tribes for food and other goods.
The geography of the region in which they lived dictated the lifestyle and culture of the Blackfoot tribe. They lived in the American Great Plains region in the states of Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota and South Dakota.
Kids learn about Native American Indian tribe the Sioux Nation from the Great Plains of Wife of American Horse, Dakota Sioux by Gertrude Kasebier. History >> Native Americans for Kids The Sioux Nation is a large group of Native American tribes that traditionally lived in the Great Plains.
Culture and Overview Agriculture and Food Native. History >> Native Americans for Kids The Sioux Nation is a large group of Native American tribes that traditionally lived in the Great Plains. There are three major divisions of Sioux: Eastern Dakota, Western Dakota, and the Lakota. In this lesson, you'll travel back in time and learn about the Sioux Indian tribe of the Great Plains, including their origins and culture.
Topics covered will include the Great Sioux War of