Enklinobarangus [Montgomery] Meigs was, after all, only the quartermaster general of the U. Army from the outbreak of the Civil War until his retirement in
The Age of the Warrior While most samurai warriors were men, some women were renowned for their skill in battle. A monument was erected to honor Nakano Takeko — a female warrior — at the Hokai temple in Fukushima prefecture because she asked her sister to behead her rather than die dishonorably from a gunshot wound in captivity.
Being a warrior in feudal Japan was more than just a job. It was a way of life. The collapse of aristocratic rule ushered in a new age of chaos — appropriately called the Warring States period c.
If commanded, true bushi were expected to give their lives without hesitation. Any form of disgrace — cowardice, dishonor, defeat — reflected poorly on the lord and was reason enough for a bushi to commit suicide by seppuku, or ritual disembowelment.
In return for this devotion, the lord provided protection, financial security, and social status — in short, a reason to live. The bushi swore unwavering loyalty to their immediate masters in the chain of command. But this wasn't always easy.
Although elegant and refined in appearance, Japanese castles were used as military installments. The wood used in their construction allowed these castles to withstand Japan's many earthquakes, but made them susceptible to fire at the same time.
The shogunal rule of the bakufu, tent government began in earnest with the Kamakura periodwhen the Minamoto clan defeated its bitter rival, the Taira family. When Mongol invaders tried to land in western Japan, they were repelled by the Kamakura bakufu — with the help of kamikaze, powerful storms thought to be of divine origin.
Despite this seeming divine favor, though, the bakufu could not withstand the unstable political situation on the domestic front. The Kinkakuji — or "Golden Pavilion" — was originally built as a villa for the third Ashikaga shogun, Yoshimitsu.
Upon his death, the eye-catching structure became a Zen Buddhist temple — creating an unusual combination of extravagant decor and minimalist doctrine. The next to ascend to power were the Ashikaga, who established the Muromachi bakufu The downfall of the Ashikaga came about with the rise of the first of three "Great Unifiers" who sought to consolidate power.
Western Influence, Feudal Struggle Japan was a land of mystery to foreign explorers such as the English and Dutch, as shown by this somewhat inaccurate 17th-century map.
It was under Nobunaga's watch that Europeans first arrived in Japan, and he took full advantage of their presence. Part of his military success came from his use of firearms, brought to Japan by the Portuguese, which allowed him swift and complete dominance.
Nobunaga's hostility toward Buddhism, which he expressed by burning countless monasteries and slaughtering monks, made him receptive to the influx of Jesuit missionaries from Spain and Portugal. When Nobunaga's tenure ended in betrayal and death, the next leader who rose from the ensuing chaos was Toyotomi Hideyoshione of Nobunaga's loyal vassals.
This participant demonstrates the correct way to hold a teacup; in her left hand while steadying it with her right.
Originally a peasant of humble origins, Hideyoshi surged through the ranks to become a leading general.As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from lausannecongress2018.com SUCCESSORS OF ROME: FRANCIA, Present.
Kings and Emperors of the Franks, France, Burgundy, Italy, and Germany. Introduction. After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, and the occupation of much of Gaul by the Franks, Roman power never returned far enough to come into conflict with the Frankish kingdom (except, to an extent, in the South of Italy).
Although Japan and Europe did not have any direct contact with one another during the medieval and early modern periods, they independently developed very similar class systems, known as feudalism.
Feudalism was more than gallant knights and heroic samurai, it was a way of life of extreme inequality, poverty, and violence.
The following tables lay out and discuss the basic grades of commissioned military rank. This does not include non-commissioned officers, like sergeants and naval petty officers.
This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.
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